加入收藏夹
联系我们
关于本站
个人主页
西电导航
西安电子科技大学
    当前位置:首页>>学术讲座
“名家导航”第五讲——Hard & Core Technology to Change the World and Win the Future 硬核技术改变世界,赢得未来(网络直播)
时间:2018-11-06 16:09    点击:   所属单位:教务处
讲座名称 “名家导航”第五讲——Hard & Core Technology to Change the World and Win the Future 硬核技术改变世界,赢得未来(网络直播)
讲座时间 2018-11-08 16:00:00
讲座地点 西安电子科技大学南校区远望谷体育馆
讲座人 Professor George Smoot(2006年诺贝尔物理奖获得者)
讲座人介绍
Professor George Smoot
University of California Berkley
  Professor George Smoot was co-awarded the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics "for discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation.”
  Smoot received Bachelor degrees (1966) in Mathematics and Physics and a Ph. D. (1970) in Physics from MIT. Smoot has been at the University of California Berkeley and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory since 1970.
  In April 1992, George Smoot made the announcement that the team he led had detected the long sought variations in the early Universe that had been observed by the COBE DMR. NASA's COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer) satellite mapped the intensity of the radiation from the early Big Bang and found variations so small they had to be the seeds on which gravity worked to grow the galaxies, clusters of galaxies, and clusters of clusters that are observed in the universe today. These variations are also relics of creation.
  Professor Smoot is an author of more than 200 science papers and is also co- author (with Keay Davidson) of the popularized scientific book Wrinkles in Time (Harper, 1994) that elucidates cosmology and the COBE discovery. Another essay entitled “My Einstein Suspenders” appears in My Einstein: Essays by Twenty-four of the World's Leading Thinkers on the Man, His Work, and His Legacy (Ed. John Brockman, Pantheon, 2006).
  Currently, Professor Smoot conducts research in astrophysics and observational cosmology, and is most famous for his research on the cosmic background radiation.This radiation is thought to be the relic of the intense heat of the early Big Bang.
  Smoot continues research in cosmology and is currently involved in the Planck and Euclid missions. The Planck mission is the third generation mission to exploit the CMB fluctuations discovered by COBE DMR. Euclid is a mission to understand the Dark Energy causing the current expansion of the Universe to accelerate.
   Professor Smoot is active in other areas of research and with collaborators has produced and flown a satellite to observe gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) which are the most energetic events occurring in the universe from the formation of the first stars up until the present day.
   He has appeared on TV programs including “Are You Smarter than a Fifth
Grader” and “The Big Bang Theory.” 
 
乔治·斯穆特教授
——加州大学伯克利分校
  乔治·斯穆特教授因发现了“宇宙微波背景辐射的黑体形式和各向异性”而获得了 2006 年诺贝尔物理学奖。
  斯穆特在麻省理工学院获得数学和物理学士学位(1966 年)和物理学博士学位(1970 年)。自 1970 年以来,斯穆特一直在加州大学伯克利分校和劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室任职。
  1992 年 4 月,乔治斯穆特宣布他所领导的团队发现了 COBE DMR 所探测到的早期宇宙中长期寻求的变化。美国宇航局的 COBE(宇宙背景探测器)卫星描绘了早期大爆炸辐射的强度,从而发现它们的变化非常小,它们必须是重力作用于生长当今可观测到的星系、星系团和星团簇。这些变化也是史诗般的创造。
  斯穆特教授有发表超过 200 篇科学论文,同时也是科学著作《时间皱纹》的共同作者,本书阐述了宇宙学和 COBE 的发现。另一篇题为《我的爱因斯坦悬疑》的文章出现在我的爱因斯坦系列:他的作品体现了与二十四位世界顶尖科学家的思想对话。
  目前,斯穆特教授在进行天体物理学和观测宇宙学方面的研究,并因其对宇宙背景辐射的研究而闻名于世。这种辐射被认为是早期宇宙大爆炸的强烈热量的遗迹。斯穆特一直致力于宇宙学研究,目前参与普朗克和欧几里的研究。普朗克研究目的是利用 COBE DMR 发现的 CMB 波动的第三代任务。而欧几里得的研究目的是了解导致当前宇宙膨胀加速的黑暗能量。
  穆特教授积极参与其他研究领域,并与合作者共同制作并运行卫星观测伽马射线爆发(GRBs),这是迄今为止第一颗恒星形成发现,被誉为宇宙中发生的最有活力的事件。他同时也参加各类在电视访谈,例如 “你比五年级更聪明”和“宇宙大爆炸理论”等。
讲座内容   《名家导航》是学校为本科生增设的一门1学分通识课程。该课程邀请院士等知名专家,结合自身发展和科研实践经历,分享他们对学习、工作和生命的感悟,介绍学科的未来发展方向和最新前沿成果,加深学生对科研规律以及大学使命和意义的了解,激发学生的学习兴趣以及对人生价值、奋斗方向的思考,引导和激励学生自我学习,自我规划和自我发展。

  网络直播通道:

转载请注明出处:西安电子科技大学学术信息网
如果您有学术信息或学术动态,欢迎投稿。我们将在第一时间确认并收录,投稿邮箱: meeting@xidian.edu.cn
Copyright © 2011-2019 西安电子科技大学 
开发维护:电子工程学院网络信息中心  管理员:meeting@xidian.edu.cn 站长统计: